Friday, February 7, 2020
System of Inquiry - Case Study Example (GMP History)1. GMPC boasts of an exemplary environment record and has increasingly fixed its focus on augmenting its renewable sources to ensure cleaner, greener and safer future. Only 2% of GMP's fuel mix for 2006 was from carbon dioxide emitting sources as compared to the national average of nearly 70% from emitting sources. GMP's sources comprise non-conventional energy sources like water, wood or wind, which supplies more than half of the company's requirement. (Green Mountain Power, Generating Sources Among Lowest In Emissions)2. Green Mountain Power understands the value and importance of its contribution to the community at large, and the only route in fulfilling its tremendous responsibilities is its ability to retain a good reputation in a changing social and business environment with its increasingly complex set of standards and laws. Green Mountain Power Corporation, thus, unequivocally resolves to conduct its business lawfully and with the highest degree of honesty and integrity. A corporation can act only through individuals. In order to meet this commitment, Green Mountain Power expects all its directors, officers, employees and agents to perform their duties with the highest degree of honesty and integrity. (Green Mountain Power Corporation's Code of Ethics and Conduct)3. The com... GMP's Ethical System The company has a robust ethical system in place that is broader than the standards set forth by law for an average business firm. This is in order to be in preparedness to meet any eventuality with a pro-active system to pinpoint and rectify ethical deficiencies wherever and whenever they arise. As evidence in proof to show the high level of importance the company places on proper conduct of business, all it needs is a few days spent within the confines of the company's premises and sites, and evaluate this experience with the codes of conduct stressed at different levels of authority. The company's code of conduct consists of three parts; the first one is primarily aimed at its directors, officers, employees and agents, and is geared towards a sustained public confidence in the company's good name. The second part specifies the legal requirements which every one of the company's personnel and agents must strictly adhere to. The third part describes the company's compliance program which ensures that every director, officer, employee and agent has understood and will abide by the code of conduct. (Green Mountain Power Corporation 's Code of Ethics and Conduct)4. Code of Ethics for Directors, Officers, Employees, and Agents GMP's code of ethics calls upon its personnel at every level to tell the truth, obey the law, treat others with respect, and avoid conflicts of interest. The interest and confidence of the customers and the community at large are held paramount so as to avoid even an appearance of illegal conduct. Discriminations and harassment at the workplace must be avoided as the company has expressed, in no uncertain terms, that it will not tolerate such acts. Conflicts of interest between
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Accreditation Process Essay Accreditation refers to the recognition given to institutions which have fully met specific standards of educational quality by an agency or an association. In the US, the relevant agencies undertake a review of education quality at all levels including elementary, secondary, colleges and universities. The agencies set basic standards reflecting the qualities of sound educational programs (Hasley et al, 1986 pp 66). They then develop procedures aimed at determining whether the institutions and programs meet the set standards. Many other countries lack accreditation systems like those used in the US and instead rely mainly on government agencies to check their education quality and standards. In Canada, provincial government authorities work closely with private educational associations in periodically assessing the quality of universities, colleges and schools. Accreditation offers standards of excellence that help in encouraging educational institutions in improving their programs. It also provides accountability for institutionsÃ¢â¬â¢ educational policy, and creates criteria for certifying professions like medicine and law.Ã Furthermore, it helps prospective students to identify quality institutions, while facilitating student transfer from an institution to another. Accreditation is also among the factors used in determining the institutions and programs eligible for receiving federal and private funds. The accreditation procedure for any agency entails five fundamental stages, each of which has many other subtasks under it. First, the agency must establish the criteria or standards of academic excellence in consultation with the educational institution being accredited. The second stage involves development of procedures enabling institutions to evaluate themselves deeply, to help in determining if they meet the set accreditation standards or not. In case they do not meet the established standards, the institutions must go back to the drawing board and make the necessary adjustments and improvements to satisfy the required demands. Depending on the level of compliance, this may require the institution to invest some more time and resources and resources into it. Thirdly, the agency performs an evaluation aimed at determining first-hand if the institution really meets the set standards. This involves examining the institutionÃ¢â¬â¢s facilities as well as its resources, both physical and human. This is done until the agency is fully convinced that the institution meets its minimum requirements. The evaluation is done by the agenciesÃ¢â¬â¢ experts, who are usually armed with specific requirements for accreditation. Fourthly, the agency then grants the accreditation to the institution after it is convinced that the necessary requirements have been met. It then publishes a list of institutions that have met similar requirements and have been awarded accreditation by the agency, including the time of the accreditation. Finally, the agency periodically reviews these institutions to find out if they still maintain educational quality standards. This is done to ensure the institutions do not compromise on the quality of educational standards. All accreditation agencies utilize these steps even though inspection procedures and specific criteria differ depending on the agency. Current issues in the accreditation process Problems of the Law School Accreditation Process For the past ten or so years, the American Bar AssociationÃ¢â¬â¢s accrediting arm has faced a lot of criticism with regard to its standards. The association has been accused of having poorly monitored standards that are not related to law school quality (Marty et al, 1991). Critics are of the view that ABAÃ¢â¬â¢s accreditation standards lack correlation with professional competence and institutional quality. The accreditation process puts emphasis on high cost inputs; like requirements for physical facilities, library collections and the number of professors available. Moreover, it considers test scores at law school admission, which has been criticized as not being related to professional skills and academic achievement. The association has also been accused of restricting low income students and minorities by putting too much emphasis on standardized tests as well as raising tuition fees (Luebchow, 2007). The critics have accused the ABA of being inconsistent and using secret rules, which are not made public or disclosed to schools, to make accreditation decisions. The Department of Education has also complained about ABAÃ¢â¬â¢s failure in abiding by the departmentÃ¢â¬â¢s specific requirements (Hagan, 2004 pp201). The Congress has also raised concerns about the associationÃ¢â¬â¢s accreditation. Both the federal officials and law schools have often disapproved ABAÃ¢â¬â¢s accreditation process from the early 1990s. The Massachusetts School of Law, which has itself not been accredited, has for long strongly criticized the association. In 1993 the school sued ABA citing violation of antitrust law because it functioned as a cartel and set unfair standards that only raised costs, yet were not connected to law school quality. The Justice Department filed a similar suit in 1994, leading to a ten year consent decree, which is now defunct (Hagan, 2004). The Education Department has also crossed heads with the association over its failure to comply with the departmentÃ¢â¬â¢s criteria for recognition since the 1990s. These deficiencies led to the limiting of the associationÃ¢â¬â¢s recognition to just three years in 1997. Later in 1998, the Education DepartmentÃ¢â¬â¢s staff recommended the limiting, suspending or terminating the associationÃ¢â¬â¢s recognition as nationally recognized accreditation agency (Luebchow, 2007).
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
In order for a relationship between a man and a woman to flourish and grow, both people should be reasonably mature and honest with one another. Their goals in life should be similar. Otherwise, it is difficult to maintain a substantial base in the partnership, and inevitably, it will wither and die. HemingwayÃ ¡Ã ¯s "Hills Like White Elephants" is a very short story covering less than forty minutes in the lives of the two main characters. It doesnÃ ¡Ã ¯t take long, however, to discover that the relationship between them is not particularly deep or meaningful. Jig and her lover lead a nomadic life, spending nights here and there, as the labels on their luggage indicate. All they really do, she laments, is "look at things and try new drinks." They bicker childishly; when he warns her to "cut it out," she retorts, "you started it." In an attempt to make clever conversation, she observes aloud that the line of hills off in the distance "look[s] like white elephants." Instead of trying to make her feel "bright," JigÃ ¡Ã ¯s companion tells her flatly, heÃ ¡Ã ¯s "never seen one." Annoyed by his lack of imagination, she attacks with "no, you wouldnÃ ¡Ã ¯t have." It seems that they must really "try" hard to "have a fine time." This is not a mature relationship. Nor is it honest. Rather than admit the fact that he doesnÃ ¡Ã ¯t want the responsibility of a baby, JigÃ ¡Ã ¯s lover tries to flatter her by saying, "I donÃ ¡Ã ¯t want anybody but you." He also avoids taking any blame for their faltering relationship. After all, being pregnant is "the only thing" that has made them unhappy. He makes light of the abortion by telling her, "ItÃ ¡Ã ¯s not really an operation" and that itÃ ¡Ã ¯s "perfectly simple," even "natural." Of course, she "doesnÃ ¡Ã ¯t" have to if she "doesnÃ ¡Ã ¯t want to," but he knows that itÃ ¡Ã ¯s "the best thing to do." Best for whom, I wonder. Jig really thinks sheÃ ¡Ã ¯s ready to settle down and have a child, or she wouldnÃ ¡Ã ¯t be struggling so hard with the question of abortion. She too has trouble approaching the problem honestly. When she announces "IÃ ¡Ã ¯ll do it because I donÃ ¡Ã ¯t care about me," sheÃ ¡Ã ¯s hoping that heÃ ¡Ã ¯ll feel guilty and change his mind. When he continues to resist, she tries to cut the conversation off: "IÃ ¡Ã ¯ll scream," she threatens. Jig is beginning to realize that life may not turn out the way she had planned.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
AÃ traditionÃ is a practice, custom, orÃ storyÃ that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for aÃ writing system. Traditions are often presumed to beÃ ancient, unalterable, and deeply important, though they may sometimes be much less Ã¢â¬Å"naturalÃ¢â¬ than is presumed. Some traditions were deliberately invented for one reason or another, often to highlight or enhance the importance of a certain institution. Traditions may also be changed to suit the needs of the day, and the changes can become accepted as a part of the ancient tradition. Folk Beliefs, otherwise known as Ã¢â¬Å"Superstitious BeliefsÃ¢â¬ , forms part of a people's value systems and culture. They basically reflect the customs, traditions, and mores of a group, which has been based on religious beliefs, opinions, or popular old practices. Also they tell of how a people view the unknown and the Means to appease the gods that control the future. Filipinos still adhere to numerous widely-held folk beliefs that have no scientific or logical basis but maybe backed-up by some past experiences (yet can be dismissed as mere coincidence). Some are still practiced to this day primarily because of Ã¢â¬Ëthere's nothing to lose if we comply' attitude while the others are totally ignored for it seemed downright ridiculous. A number of Filipinos have Folk Beliefs about life, family, luck, wealth, etc. Some of which were presented by the four groups last Monday, April 26, 2010. I have noticed that almost all groups presented folk beliefs about courtship and marriage. Courtship is one that is still being practiced among the strictest of the Filipino families. This is performed by the male (who is the suitor since it is wrong to do it the opposite way) visiting the home of the female. In the olden days, courtship doesn't start until the male suitor had obtained permission from the parents. This was done with the male suitor being accompanied by another respectable elder and approaching either the father or the mother of the female and obtaining permissions days in advanced to visit at a particular day and time. Nowadays this form of getting the parent's permission is still being practiced in the provinces, however, due to western influences, there are ome variations more adaptable to the modern times. One alternative is to make a phone call, asking for the parents' or guardian's permission through an elder to schedule a visit. Another way is for the suitor to approach the parents in a public place, and informally asking for permission to visit. Either way, it is to show proper respect to ask for permission prior to the formal visit. Proper ly greeting the parents by placing the back of the right hand of the parents to the suitor's forehead is practiced to show respect. This is called pagmamano in Tagalog. When the permission has been granted, the suitor whether accompanied by a friend or an elder will visit the girl's home and offers gifts. Gift bags or boxes of goodies or Filipino snacks purchased from a local store and flowers are generally given. The snacks or other goods are offered to the family of the girl then the flowers and special sweets (like chocolate or candies) are given to the girl. In a strict Filipino home, during courtship, the parents are present during the first visit. This is the opportunity to get to know each other. This is sometimes called courting the parents first and winning their hearts and approval then letting the boy or suitor court the girl. Subsequent visits are then scheduled if all went well during the first visit and, depending on how long the courtship will last; the answer is given by the girl with the parents' knowledge as well. After the courtship stage and the girl decides that she also would like to take the suitor's offer of love and commitment, then the girl will give the favorable answer to the suitor. At times it takes months before the answer is given. In the olden days, strict parents would sometimes give a series of tests, having the suitor do some chores like fetching some water from the well, cutting firewood to be used for cooking dinner, helping the father of the girl do some yard or farm work. Nowadays, a more modern approach is being performed by the suitor whereby he offers gentlemanly help to the parents, sometimes carrying groceries as he sees them walking down the streets, offering them a ride if he happens to be driving their way, doing other favors that can help win their favor and better his chances of getting the girl's love as well. After the girl announces to the parents that she is ready to be engaged the parents would be around to congratulate the suitor. From then on, the suitor is treated like a member of the family. Sometimes, even before marriage, the suitor is introduced to the friends and relatives of the girl's immediate family as future part of the family or future son-in-law. Engagements may take longer than a year, and then the date shall be set for marriage. During the waiting period they are free to go on dates, at times with a chaperone. Nowadays, after the first few chaperoned dates they can date on their own, especially those who live in the cities where it is not as strict as in the rural areas of the country. When the two decides that they are ready to get married, then the pamamanhikan (official request of the male and his parents or guardians for the girl's hand in marriage) begins. This is usually done in the evening after dinner. Then, if the parents of the girl agree, they will give them their blessings and set the date of the wedding. The engagement sometimes last from several months to a couple of years due to extensive preparations. The majority of Filipino weddings are now Catholic weddings, but some native traditions remain. Most have special Ã¢â¬Å"sponsorsÃ¢â¬ who act as witnesses to the marriage. The principal sponsors could be godparents, counselors, a favorite uncle and aunt, even a parent. Secondary sponsors handle special parts of the ceremony, such as the candle, cord and veil ceremonies. Candle sponsors light two candles, which the bride and groom use to light a single candle to symbolize the joining of the two families and to invoke the light of Christ in their married life. Veil sponsors place a white veil over the bride's head and the groom's shoulders, a symbol of two people clothed as one. Cord sponsors drape the yugal (a decorative silk cord) in a figure-eight shapeÃ¢â¬âto symbolize everlasting fidelityÃ¢â¬âover the shoulders of the bride and groom. The groom gives the bride 13 coins, or arrhae, blessed by the priest, as a sign of his dedication to his wife's well-being and the welfare of their future children. The four groups, as far as I can remember, presented more beliefs and traditions about death, marriage, life and luck. These were: Ã¢â¬ ¢ The table should not be cleared while an unmarried woman is still eating because she might end up an old maid. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Do not sweep your floor at night or else you are sweeping your luck out of the house. Ã¢â¬ ¢ If one cuts his fingernails at night, a member of the family will die. Ã¢â¬ ¢ One must not organize teams of 3 or 13, otherwise one member will die. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Eating Pancit on their birthday will enable them to live longer. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The use of the word Ã¢â¬Å"PoÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"OpoÃ¢â¬ means Ã¢â¬Å"YesÃ¢â¬ in a very polite manner. It is usually said by a young person to an elder. Holding a family reunion to celebrate a birthday in the family, fiestas, for Christmas or New Year's Celebration. Ã¢â¬ ¢ One must be able to have Ã¢â¬Å"handaÃ¢â¬ during feast days. The first belief tells me that when you clear the table while an unmarried woman is still eating, that woman will stay single all her life. I still donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in such belief because I have met and seen single women getting married even if this clearing of tables while they ate happened to them. This is also my very first time to hear such belief. The second belief is one I heard when I was still very young. I was at my grandfatherÃ¢â¬â¢s house at Negros Oriental one summer. One night, there housemaid swept the floor and was scolded by my grandfatherÃ¢â¬â¢s sister for doing such act. I wondered why and so I asked my parents about it. They, too, didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know why sweeping floors during night was not allowed. Now, I know why. I still donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in such belief although luck in that house has gone in and out. I believe itÃ¢â¬â¢s just coincidental when someone sweeps during the night and then you become very unlucky in the future. The third belief is somehow coincidental for me when you cut your fingernails and someone in your family dies. I have also tried a lot of times already cutting my nails at night and I have also tried losing a member of my family already but I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think it was because of what I did. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t see any connection between cutting fingernails during the night and death. With the fourth belief, I have heard this since I was in my grade school years. I still hear such until now. I usually go around with two of my very close friends. We always take pictures of ourselves yet not one of us has died, fortunately. I was told that whoever is in the middle will die first. It sounds pretty scary at first especially when I was still very young and innocent. However, as I grew up and hear such, it becomes lame to me and somehow funny because I have had lots of experience already with having two friends with me. The group presented this by three people who was about to take a picture of themselves and then their friend told them they shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be three otherwise the one in the middle will die. And so they invited more people to join them so they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be three. The fifth belief tells me that eating Pancit will make your life longer. I always hear such especially during festivities and celebrations. On birthday celebrations, there is always pancit on the table because it is said that this will make you live longer on earth. They always say Ã¢â¬Å"pansit, pampahaba ng buhayÃ¢â¬ . IÃ¢â¬â¢m pretty sure it is such because pancit is long. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t usually practice such tradition in our family. The sixth belief shows respect to the older people when you say Opo or Po. It is our tradition to say such. We also Ã¢â¬Å"manoÃ¢â¬ or kiss the right hand of an older person when we greet them. Actually, you don't really kiss that hand. You just bow a bit, and gently take the older person's right hand with your right hand, and move it towards your own forehead. Sometimes, it's the back of their hand that touches your forehead. In our family, we practice such tradition as a sign of respect. When we got to our province in Negros and get to meet with the very many relatives of ours, we Ã¢â¬Å"manoÃ¢â¬ every older relative. Other relatives of ours especially my aunts and uncles who are in their late 20Ã¢â¬â¢s and early 30Ã¢â¬â¢s wont let us Ã¢â¬Å"manoÃ¢â¬ them because they donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be Ã¢â¬Å"oldÃ¢â¬ . The seventh and eight traditions have been practiced for years by almost all Filipinos. These happenings bring family members together especially those who are living away or are working in different places and rarely have the chance or time to come home. The presence of family visitors and reuniting members delight the other members of the family, aside from stories and gossips to tell. And, if a visitor is a foreigner or a relative who comes from abroad, the family is very proud especially when the neighbors are around, and offers everything just to please the visitor. Once the visitor is gone, the family will either praise or mock the visitor. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s mostly not the presence but the presents. We always celebrate feast days by having handa and inviting people to eat inside the house. In our family, we do the same during our villageÃ¢â¬â¢s fiesta. We invite friends, relatives and neighbors to dine and celebrate with us. Such tradition brings families and friends closer and patches up the times you missed together. With the very many traditions and beliefs of the Filipinos, I can say we only practice a few. Our family is not the type who believes in such beliefs. We only practice those traditions that are very common like celebrating festivities and occasions and giving of gifts during special days. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in these beliefs because they sound ridiculous for me but I respect them and the people who believe in them. We were not raised believing in folk beliefs because they are mere stories and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have any connection with the real world. Sometimes, I wonder why people have made so many beliefs. Is it their way of scaring people especially beliefs about death and misfortune? I believe it is only you who can bring luck to yourself and it is not harmful to believe and practice such beliefs and traditions. I just learned that folk beliefs are not real and not practical and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life must not always work around with beliefs.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Analysis of Toni Morrisons Beloved Toni MorrisonÃ¢â¬â¢s Pulitzer Prize winning book Beloved, is a historical novel that serves as a memorial for those who died during the perils of slavery. The novel serves as a voice that speaks for the silenced reality of slavery for both men and women. Morrison in this novel gives a voice to those who were denied one, in particular African American women. It is a novel that rediscovers the African American experience. The novel undermines the conventional idea of a storyÃ¢â¬â¢s time scheme. Instead, Morrison combines the past and the present together. The book is set up as a circling of memories of the past, which continuously reoccur in the book. The past is embedded in the present, and the present has noÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Throughout Beloved, the past is continually brought forth in the present, both physically and mentally through visual images, particularly those relating to slavery. The life at sweet home is all too real to esc ape for Sethe, her family, and all the others who once lived there. Sethe is continually brought back to Sweet Home through her rememory, against her own will to forget. Physically, SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s body bares her memory of Sweet Home; the choketree that is on her back, a maze that Paul D describes as a Ã¢â¬Å"decorated work of an ironsmith too passionate to displayÃ¢â¬ (17). Yet, it is not the physical markings that cause the most pain to those who survived the bonds of slavery, as the story strongly points out, it is the mental images that haunt them along with past emotions of fear, horror, and regret, that manifest themselves physically with vengeance. Morrison uses the word rememory to mean the act of remembering a memory. This rememory is when a memory is revisited, whether physically or mentally. Yet the word is not a verb but a noun. It is an actual thing, person or a place that takes on the existence of a noun. When Sethe explains rememory to Denver, she states, Ã¢â¬Å"If a house burns down, itÃ¢â¬â¢s gone, but the place-the picture of it -stays, and not just in my rememory, but out there, in the world. What I remember is a picture floating around there outside my head. I mean, even ifShow MoreRelatedCharacter Analysis Of Toni Morrisons Beloved926 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesday? Beloved is a story written by Toni Morrison about the hardships that lead the protagonist, Sethe, to kill her own daughter, who would later come back from the grave. Sethe is a middle-aged, former slave who has experienced the cruelest, most unjust torment in her life Ã¢â¬â slavery. She escaped this barbaric life, but when the chance of being taken away comes back, she has to murder her own daughter to save her. Through close examination of the book, movie, and many other character analysis, it isRead MoreToni Morrison s Beloved : Dehumanization Of Slavery And Its Effects On African Americans And Their Basic Forms Of1268 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesToni MorrisonÃ¢â¬â¢s Beloved shows the dehumanization of slavery and its effects on African-Americans and their basic forms of existenceÃ¢â¬âspecifically motherhood. Morrison depicts the strong maternal bond between Sethe and her children. Most importantly, her use of SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s controversial act of infanticide shows the lengths that Sethe will take to protect her children from slavery. MorrisonÃ¢â¬â¢s depiction of SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s motherhood shows how slavery has deconstructed the Eurocentric expectations and traditionsRead MoreBeloved: Critique with New Historicism1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Beloved is a Pulitzer Prize winning novel written by Toni Morrison and published in 1987. The story follows Sethe as she attempts to make peace with her present (for her, post Civil War America) and her past as a former slave and the atrocities she suffered at the hands of the benevolent Gardner family. Information given to the readers from different perspectives, multiple characters, and various time periods allows her audience to piece together the history of the family, their l ives, asRead MoreBeloved : A Reconstruction Of Our Past1705 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKarla Ximena Leyte Professor John Crossley Short Close Reading Paper #2 November 20, 2015 Beloved: A reconstruction of our past Beloved by Toni Morrison is a reconstruction of history told by the African American perspective, a perspective that is often shadowed or absent in literature. Her novel presents a cruel demonstration of the horrors endured by slaves and the emotional and psychological effects it created for the African American community. It unmasks the realities of slavery, in whichRead MoreToni Morrison s Beloved And The Ghosts Of Slavery : Historical Recovery1691 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In the novel Beloved, Toni Morrison develops character Beloved as an allegorical figure to embody slaveryÃ¢â¬â¢s horrific past and the lasting impact that unresolved past trauma has upon the present. Morrison develops the character Beloved to represent all the unremembered and untold stories of slavery and to further the message that we must maintain a collective memory of slavery in order to pursue a hopeful future. Morrison develops Beloved as a character through her interactions with other charactersRead MoreA nalysis Of The Bluest Eye1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbe a victim of sexual assault but also, the punishment of the offender. Toni Morrison, The author of The Bluest Eye, a victim of segregation, deals with sexual assault and segregation in her book. Chole Anthony Wofford, who goes by the name of Toni Morrison when writing her books, was born in Lorain, Ohio on February 18, 1931. Her father had several jobs to support their family, while her mother worked as a domestic worker. Toni lived in an integrated neighborhood. However, she did not become awareRead MoreTwo Contrasting Views of Slavery in Literature: Beloved and American Negro Slavery2068 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIn this essay, I will be examining the works of two authors on the topic of slavery in America: Ulrich B. Phillips American Negro Slavery (1918) and Toni Morrison Beloved (1987). One writes as a Southerner and a historian who is defending southern slaveholders and draws upon contemporary racial theory to justify the syst em as beneficial to African Americans. The other writes as an African-American woman who is looking to write women into history and in doing so, add a female voice to the pastRead MoreAnalysis Of Toni Morrison s Beloved1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI. SUBJECT Beloved by Toni Morrison opens in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1873 set in the Reconstruction era of American history. Sethe eighteen years ago escaped slavery with her children to live with her mother-in-law, Baby Suggs, in a house on 124 Bluestone Road often referred to simply as 124. The novel unfolds on two different time periods, that of SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s time at Sweet Home plantation as a slave and that of the present. Her qualities of motherhood have overtaken SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s life and have driven away herRead More Exploring Personal Choices in Toni Morrisons Beloved Essay1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesExploring Personal Choices in Toni Morrisons Beloved At the climax of her book Beloved, Toni Morrison uses strong imagery to examine the mind of a woman who is thinking of killing her own children. She writes, Because the truth was simple, not a long-drawn-out record of flowered shifts, tree cages, selfishness, ankle ropes and wells. Simple: she was squatting in the garden and when she saw them coming and recognized schoolteachers hat, she heard wings. Little hummingbirds stuck their needleRead MoreAnalysis Of Beloved By Toni Morrison2078 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAn Analysis of Beloved as a Portrayal of American History Toni MorrisonÃ¢â¬â¢s 1988 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, Beloved is clearly a work of well deserved literary acclaim. It has been hailed as one of the most revolutionary, poetic, and poignant pieces of modern American literature. The work is characterized by itÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of the Ã¢â¬Å"Slave NarrativeÃ¢â¬ and follows the strife of former slave and mother: Sethe as she is tormented by the memories of her past, the haunting of her home, and the appearance
Friday, December 27, 2019
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- In order to safeguard specific workers in low-paid, susceptible employments the minimum wage policy had been implemented by the South African government to provide assurance to these workers of a basic subsistence income. In hindsight the government saw the wage Ã¢â¬ËfloorÃ¢â¬â¢ as a tool to efficiently support the working poor and eradicate their poverty while facilitating the rearrangement of income in an uneven society. In light of the recent strikes brought forward by the farmworkers in the Western Cape that ultimately form part of the agricultural sector, Agricultural Minister Mildred Olifant has implemented a minimum wage policyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Figure 2 illustrates the effect of the decrease in demand of labour due to the increase in the minimum wage, and accordingly howÃ¢â¬â¢s how supply increases in order to reach equilibrium at this point. The law of demand states that an increase in price results in a decrease; the law of supply states that a increase i n price results in an increase in supply. These laws directly relate to what would happen in the agricultural industry with regards to employment and labour when the minimum wage increases, in the short run and ultimately the long run. Wage Rate Wage Rate Supply After Supply After Supply Before Supply Before Equilibrium Wage After Equilibrium Wage After Equilibrium Wage Before Equilibrium Wage Before Demand Demand Quantity of Labour Quantity of Labour Figure 2 : Demand and Supply of Labour in the short run Farmers will eventually suffer in the short and long run regarding the total revenue that they receive and experience lower profits. Dire consequences could arise as some farmers will have no work force and large amounts of land consequently forcing them to abandon fertile land and go elsewhere; while some small scale farms suffer immensely and required to shut down. Primarily in the short run farmers would make structural adaptations and include mechanisation and consolidation to become efficient and cost effective. With technology not being readily available andShow MoreRelatedDemand Supply , Examine the Argument in Favour Against Minimum Wage Law in Uk1415 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAdministration Assignment: A * (Using Demand Supply: examine the arguments in favour against minimum wage law in UK*) * *Total words: 1,402 Demand It refers to the willingness and ability of buyers to purchase goods and services at different prices. Supply It refers to the willingness and ability of sellers to provide goods and services for sale at different prices What* *is minimum wage? A minimum wage is the lowest monthly, daily or hourly thatRead MoreThe Minimum Wage Law Should Not Exist1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe minimum wage law was first enacted in January 1938 (Mutari, Ellen), and since then, people have falsely been led to believe that it is beneficial to the economy as well as the general population. It has commonly been seen as a method to reduce poverty by redistributing income in order to make sure that people earn a healthy, living wage; however, evidence has shown that it in fact does just the opposite. Forcing a minimum wage goes against the free market, and severely disrupts the natural processRead MoreImpacts Of A Minimum Wage Hike900 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto a Minimum Wage Hike in America There has been much controversy over the years on the impacts resulting from an imposed minimum wage and how it relates to the economy. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a Bill enacting the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 that AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s gained the right to a minimum threshold by which their labor could be sold. Against much opposition President Roosevelt was for a law that banned oppressive child labor and set the minimum hourly wage at .25Read MoreMinimum Wage At The United States1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesintended to raise the current minimum wage floor of $7.25 in the United States stalled in Congress. As the November election approaches, many Democratic senate members are placing the issue of minimum wage at the forefront of their election campaigns, hoping to sway working-class voters in their favor. The issue of minimum wage has become a matter of politics, politics which far overshadow the far more pertinent concern of minimum wageÃ¢â¬â ¢s economic effects. Minimum wage is a complex issue, and understandingRead MoreArguments for and Against the Minimum Wage in the Uk1137 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesArguments for and against the National Minimum Wage (NMW) in the UK: stop employees being taken advantage of by being paid unfair wages by their employers. set a standard of the minimum worth of a worker. This benchmark was set so that employers would be unable to hire any staff for less than the suggested hourly rate. reduce pay differentials between genders. What is the new minimum wage?: In October 2009, the NMW for workers increased from: Ã £5.73 to Ã £5Read MoreThe Negative Effects Of The Minimum Wage1282 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMinimum Wage Should the government raise minimum wage? Should the government lower or keep the current minimum wage? Minimum wage is a very controversial topic when it is discussed between all parties. For those arguing for minimum wage increase believe that it will bring people living below the poverty line above it. Former President Obama stated, Ã¢â¬Å" no one working forty hours deserves to be living in poverty.Ã¢â¬ For those arguing against the raise on minimum wage believe that it has more negativeRead MoreLink between Higher Minimum Wage and Higher Unemployment1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn theory when an increase in minimum wage increases the cost of low-wage workers firms should want to hire less workers, however in reality this basic theory might be wrong according to Plumer B. (2013) While some studies found a link between higher minimum wage and higher unemployment level many others such as a recent paper from U.C. Berkeley that exploited differences across state borders did no t find a link between higher minimum wage and higher unemployment. A study by John Schmitt of theRead MoreMinimum Wage Essay1068 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBisht;Ashish; 0822881 Minimum wage bill defeated in Parliament Introduction: The demand to raise New ZealandÃ¢â¬â¢s minimum wage has decline. We live in a society where government has to make balance between employers and employees. Workers want better paying job and at the same time employers want to control labour cost. Therefor government put the floor of minimum wage Ã¢â¬Å"a minimum wage is the lowest wage that each employee can legally get from an employerÃ¢â¬ (exclusive papers). This is the lowestRead MoreThe Price Of Minimum Wage1406 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesanalyse and draw conclusions on minimum wage in relation to its standing in business law, we first of all need to define what the meaning of the term is. National minimum wage was introduced in 1998 through the national minimum wage act. This enforced that employers would pay each employee a set value set by the government per working hour. One of the main benefits of this was that the most low skills jobs within society received a fair wage. Setting the price of minimum wage is a complex task a s the mainRead MoreMacroeconomics Price Ceilings/Price Floors/Taxes1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesregulation of the maximum price that may be legally charged. To see how a price ceiling works, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll examine its effects in a market for rental housing, when it is called a rent ceiling. A Rental Housing Market The demand for and supply of rental housing determine the equilibrium rent and the equilibrium quantity of rental housing available. A rent ceiling tries to change the rent. The effects of a rent ceiling depend crucially on whether the ceiling is binding or not binding. A rent ceiling is not
Thursday, December 19, 2019
The time in which I was born was very different than the one my parents had to live in when they were children. I was born in a small town in Colombia, where no more than a hundred families lived. The entire population of my hometown was Catholic. There was a small chapel next to my house and the priest went there once a month to celebrate Mass. He and the seminarians stayed at our home, when they went for the Holy Week and Christmas missions. On Saturdays, my brother and I went to a town an hour away afoot or 20 minutes on a horse, to have further studies. Ninety percent of that townÃ¢â¬â¢s population were Pentecostal and only 10 % were Catholic. There was a big Pentecostal Church in the middle of the town and a small Catholic church outside the village. My brother and I went to study there on Saturdays because the Pentecostals offered to us a couple of American godparents who sent us gifts twice a year from the US. Nonetheless, to get those gifts we had to attend school on Saturd ays, take pictures with the gifts in our hands, and attend the Pentecostal service once a year. During that service, my brother and I laughed the whole time at the people dancing in the church. My aunt, the only Pentecostal member of a family of twelve siblings, got embarrassed for our behavior every time we attended the service. It was very interesting to grow up in a country where almost all the population were Christians and, at least at that time, 92 percent of the 45 million Colombians reportedShow MoreRelatedMy Father Was The First Time I Broke The Rules1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The last time I saw my father was the first time I broke the rules. Although I was almost 16 years old, I never dared to disobey my dadÃ¢â¬â¢s strict laws he had laid down once my mother disappeared. I never slept at a friendÃ¢â¬â¢s house, never attended a party, and always brought nutritious lunches to school; however, good girls canÃ¢â¬â¢t be good forever. I had been devising my plans for wee ks and finally felt ready to escape the bubble my dad trapped me in. Now that I think about it, I mightÃ¢â¬â¢ve needed to runRead MoreAnalysis Of My Fathers Song818 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe poems Ã¢â¬Å"My FatherÃ¢â¬â¢s SongÃ¢â¬ by Simon J. Ortiz and Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s WaltzÃ¢â¬ by Theodore Roethke, these two poems express uniqueness and similarities. In the poem Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s WaltzÃ¢â¬ a young child describes his time spent with his father. In the poem Ã¢â¬Å"My FatherÃ¢â¬â¢s SongÃ¢â¬ a grown man remembers the previous memories of time spent with his father, when he was a child. These two poems coincide through tone, word choice, and figurative language to show the relationship between a father and son. The boy portraysRead MoreMy Father Is My Real Hero859 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction The father-children relationship is considered one of the sacred and vital relationships in the family lives. In fact, the role played by the fathers in our daily lives is quite significant. Indeed, an excellent father teaches the children to face the challenges of daily lives successfully and tries wholeheartedly to meet the requirements of the family in a excellent way. I consider my father as my real hero since he is a special person in my life. In fact, he is quite affectionate,Read MoreMy Father925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿My Father In my family, the person who I admire is my father. He is over 40 years old, not very tall but has got a medium built, his voice is low and his movements are slow and cautious. In a word, he is a good--looking person in my eyes. My father is a very successful businessman, and he always tells me the way to be a man, how to succeed in my life and how to cherish time. He is always gone through a lot of ups and downs in his life, but my father faced the difficulties with great courageRead MoreCharacter Analysis Of Antigone1533 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshis father or with Antigone, his forbidden wife. Haemon initially chooses his father due to his belief in honoring the gods; however, because he does not have any true loyalty to his father, in the end he chooses Antigone. CreonÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with his son Haemon illustrates the Greek tradition of loyalty aligning with honor. Dishonoring the gods, your family, or your state can end in a curse or death. Sophistocles illustrates the dichotomy of a father and sonÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship during this time periodRead MoreWhy I Should Go Home Now1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfamily honour. See my father was once an excellent warrior but after being injured in a war he has not fought since. My Mother always said, Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry about your father. Focus on marriage.Ã¢â¬ I never think I will ever be ready for marriage, IÃ¢â¬â¢m always told that I m clumsy. It was that time again where they see if i m ready for marriage. That morning my mother and I were looking for my special kimono. It was no where in the house. It came down to 10 minutes. Yet I still couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t find my kimono. SinceRead MoreRomans 14 : 8 For If We Live818 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesspeak to my father, while he on his hospital bed and I insisting on him to eat. My father had earlier reported to me that he had no appetite to eat. I was busy explaining to him that food is an essential to healing. My father called my name and said Ã¢â¬Å"Ify Nwam, I am tired. I am tired of everything, and I am tired of fighting.Ã¢â¬ My father was speaking in a very soft voice. I promised my father to hang in there that I will come to visit him soon, but little did I know that he was asking for my permissionRead MoreA line has been drawn between the teachings of our fathers and their hard work to support the1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesline has been drawn between the teachings of our fathers and their hard work to support the family. Children need to understand the importance of fathers and what they can learn from watching their fathersÃ¢â¬â¢ dedication to support the family. A good father puts his family first over his desires. Moral fathers provide what is best for their children no matter the consequences. Not all fathers are virtuous, but most are great fathers. Furthermost fathers provide their children a possibility to dream bigRead MoreMy View Of Arranged Marriage969 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages My life has always been full of expectations, whether they are minuscule or immense my parents know that there expectations will be met without any hesitation because I was raised to obey and respect my parents using them essentially as guides to live my life in a positive way averting stress and negativity. In my culture most Pakistani parents think children are often subjected to comply with their parents without a question, although times are changing gradually the same beliefs are still beingRead MoreMy Papas Waltz, By Theodore Roethke And Tips From My Father1093 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAn ideal father should be someone who nurtures and lovingly cares for his offspring, and some kids are blessed by this opportunity growing up to spend time with their father, even if their parents are divorced. As the years go by our fathers grow older and we too grow old. We start to reminisce about the nosta lgic times we had when we were young. In the poems Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s WaltzÃ¢â¬ by Theodore Roethke, and Ã¢â¬Å"Tips From My FatherÃ¢â¬ by Carol Ann Davis; the authors draw from different life events, in which